Sustainable and Smart Cities

Across countries and continents, governmental policies advocate sustainable development, smart cities and regions and low-carbon societies, aiming at coping with climate change and resource scarcity through technological and behavioural shifts in the built environment. Technological progress has allowed for the merge of traditional urban infrastructures with the ICT, and coordinated and integrated usage of new digital technologies, which is recently recognized as a Smart City concept. The purpose of the concept is to use detailed sensorized information and crowd-sourced funding and social lending for achieving dynamic, demand-based and real-time pricing by the public sector and therefore more efficient use of resources.

 

 Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning

 

Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP) is an innovative policy tool for promotion of strategic integrated urban transport planning. Since in the EU-27, between 1990 and 2006, the transport sector was responsible for 31.5% of the final energy consumption (EEA, 2009), SUMP has a high policy relevance in the European Union (Action Plan on Urban Mobility 2009, Transport White Paper 2011). SUMP has been widely promoted across Europe in the recent years, mostly through CIVITAS initiative and various FP7 and CIP-IEE projects and it is encompassed within the Horizon 2020 Work Programme 2014-2015, area of Transport, Call Mobility for Growth. The document National Priorities for International Assistance (NAD) 2014-2017 with 2020 Projections for  the Republic of Serbia in the Transport Sector recognizes  promotion of a sustainable urban transport as one of the three priorities: “Strategic integrated transport planning in form of sustainable urban mobility plans for Serbia’s largest cities and the implementation of the ensuing urban transport policy could reduce traffic congestions, positively address environmental and energy consumption issues and improve safety and security.” Sustainable urban mobility planning improves energy-efficiency and reduces greenhouse gas emissions, therefore contributes to climate change mitigation.

 

 

Energy Efficiency in Construction

 

Changes in the recent decades in global energy supply and use have resulted in higher greenhouse gas emissions with spiraling effects (more intense storms and droughts, food and water security at risk, less resources for further energy production). Therefore, the European Commission in December 2008 established the EU climate targets by 2020: a 20% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions below the 1990 level, a 20% improvement in energy efficiency, and a 20% share for renewables in the EU energy mix. In January 2014 the EC presented a new 2030 climate and energy goals for a competitive, secure and low-carbon EU economy, setting the targets of "a reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 40% below the 1990 level, an EU-wide binding target for renewable energy of at least 27%, renewed ambitions for energy efficiency policies, a new governance system and a set of new indicators to ensure a competitive and secure energy system." Serbia, as a contracting party to the Energy Community of South East Europe (ECSEE), has an obligation to have thereby binding share of renewable energy as part of the overall consumption in 2020. Therefore, the RES Directive 2009/28/EC is being transposed and in March 2013 the Law on the Efficient Use of Energy was adopted.