Investments and Infrastructure

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In the time of financial austerity, ensuring sound and predictable funding for infrastructure is becoming an increasing priority. Innovative mechanisms for financing transport infrastructure include product and process innovations. Product innovations range over carbon finance, value capture, social impact bonds, internalized infrastructure costs, leverage and infrastructure trusts. Particular focus is drawn on the public-private partnership (PPP) model as an innovative planning tool for financing and delivering long-term and costly infrastructure projects, offering numerous benefits but imposing substantial challenges. Process innovations imply enabling policies, holistic approach which attracts key stakeholders, internalization of externalities and coherent planning.